Highlights of Vikram Sarabhai Achievements
- Founded the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) which ultimately became the world’s biggest public space organization.
- Honored with two of India’s most prestigious prizes for his pioneering job in the field of space science: the Padma Bhushan (1966) and the Padma Vibhushan (1972 posthumously awarded).
- Set up Operations Research Group (ORG), the first market research organization in India.
Today is the birthday of ISRO founder Vikram Sarabhai and google doodle also recognize this on his 100th Birthday. This Indian Scientist Vikram Sarabhai started the journey of the Indian space program. As India’s successful Chandrayaan 2 mission is moving towards the moon, the success story of the Indian space program is going forward, the foundation of which was laid by Sarabhai later.
On 12 August 1919, Vikram Sarabhai was born to a leading cloth merchant in Ahmedabad. Everyone noticed the ears of this child who was very big like Mahatma Gandhi. However, hardly anyone knows at that time that this child will also become so famous with his greatness in the future that the country and the world will leave their mark in space.
Vikram was born in a house with amenities. He even studied in an experimental school set up by his family that had a workshop to sharpen his curiosity and knowledge of science. Sarabhai reached Cambridge at the age of 18 on the recommendation of family friend Rabindranath Tagore. However, when the Second World War started, he arrived at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore under the aegis of Nobel Laureate Dr. CV Raman.
Here, he met the sharp young scientist Homi Bhabha. Here he found his soulmate who was classical dancer Mrinalini Swaminathan, with whom he fell in love. When American scientist and Nobel Prize winner Robert Millikan traveled to India for the World Cosmic Ray Intensity Survey, Vikram assisted him with his Balloon Experiment that further enhanced his interest in the Cosmic Rage characteristics and the upper atmosphere. Nearly 15 years later, when scientists saw satellites as an important tool for the study of space, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and Homi Bhabha supported the establishment of the Indian National Committee for Space Research, making Vikram Sarabhai the chairman.