There is much to worry about on the waterfronts since there aren’t any quick fix solutions. The water crisis is man-made. Chennai, one of India’s biggest towns, faces a crippling crisis. It has run out of water 4 lakes that supply the capital of Tamil Nadu’s southern state have dried up in the center of a specially warm summer, together they comprise only 1 percent of the quantity they did last year.
The natural instinct is to blame the situation on climate change and indeed, the last monsoon rain was especially weak. Chennai is largely a man-made disaster one that more Indian metropolises are soon to suffer no matter the weather.
To avert the impending water crisis, India must respond urgently to managing resources better. India has 17% of the world’s population, but 4% of its freshwater resources with a water availability of just 1,544 cubic meters per capita, it is already water-hungry. Water and its management are today India’s greatest difficulties.
Nearly 600 million half of India’s population face high to extreme water is contaminated. By 2030 India’s water demand is projected to double the water supply available. This could result in a possible 6% loss to India’s GDP. In India, 600 million individuals are threatened by the historic water crisis. A walk through northern India shows that the groundwater of the country is disappearing.
In India, a country of 1.3 billion people, fully the population lives in a water crisis. Within the next two years, more than 20 towns – including Delhi, Bangalore, and Hyderabad – will dry up their entire aquifers. This means a hundred million individuals who live with zero groundwater.
The farmer in Punjab, one of India’s core breadbaskets, complain that their water tables have dropped by 40, 60, or 100 feet in a single generation. Water heritage accumulated over thousands of years since the last ice age is being tirelessly pumped out by industrial agriculture through the green revolution.
More than 80% of the water need of the country is met by exploiting the groundwater resources of India. This has aggravated the depletion of the water table and led to an unprecedented water shortage.
Yet water and associated crises, year after year, do not attract the severe attention they need. Look at how the political-administrative regime quietly buried a crucial July 2016 report on proposed reforms in water management institution.
It called for a comprehensive restructuring of India’s central ground water board and the central water commission in order to create a new 21 st century management authority.
Writer: Ritika Rana